Biobanks are the primary source of high-quality human biological samples. Biobanks are often referred to as biorepositories, but there is a clear difference between the two. Biorepositories include collections of plants, animals, and other non-human specimens; whereas biobanks mainly store human biological samples.
Biobanking is the collection, storage, and distribution of human biological samples and related data for clinical studies. You can get more information about the medical biobank via https://www.geneticistinc.com/blog/what-is-a-biobank
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The two main components of biobanking are:
1. Working with biological materials: This includes collecting, storing, and distributing biological samples.
2. Database management system: Consists of information about donors, such as Consent forms, medical history, lifestyle data, and demographic information.
Types of samples collected in the biobank:
There is a list of human samples collected and stored in the biobank, including whole blood, plasma, serum, red blood cells, white blood cells, DNA, RNA, proteins, cell lines, urine, cerebrospinal fluid, marrow cells, bones, etc.
Types of biobank
Population-based: A population biobank is a collection of human DNA samples that collects, analyzes, and stores phenotypic and genetic information about samples that are representative of the source population.
Disease-oriented biobank: It is also known as a clinical biobank. They collect biological samples from patients which are then used to study genetic and non-genetic factors of the disease. They are commonly found in hospitals and research institutes.